- Download PDF - 

SEEFOR 2 (2): 101-107
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15177/seefor.11-11 

Review paper


The Silviculture of Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) in Hungary: a Review

Károly Rédei 1*, Imre Csiha 1, Zsolt Keserű1, Ágnes Kamandiné Végh1, Judit Győri2

1 Forest Research Institute, Püspökladány Experimental Station, Farkassziget 3, 4150 Hungary
2 Faculty of Agriculture, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Böszörményi u. 138, 4032 Hungary

* Corresponding author: e-mail:  

RÉDEI K, CSIHA I, KESERŰ Z, VÉGH AK, GYŐRI J 2011 The Silviculture of Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) in Hungary: a Review. South-east Eur for 2 (2): 101-107. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15177/seefor.11-11 

Cited by:        Crossref  (8)        Google Scholar


Background and Purpose: Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) was the first forest tree species introduced and acclimated from North America to Europe at the beginning of the 17th century. Although native of North America, black locust is now naturalized and widely planted throughout the world from temperate to subtropical areas. In Hungary, this species has played a role of great importance in the forest management, covering approximately 23% of the forested area and providing about 19% of the annual timber output of the country. Due to the increasing interest in black locust growing in many countries, this study has been compiled with the aim of giving a summary on the basis of research and improvement connected with the species over the past decades.
Material and Methods: Black locust forests in Hungary have been established on good as well as on medium and poor quality sites. Establishment of black locust stands producing timber of good quality is possible only on sites with adequate moisture and well-aerated and preferably light soils, rich in nutrients and humus. Black locust forests on medium and poor quality sites are utilized for the production of fuel wood, fodder, poles and props, as well as for honey production, soil protection and environmental improvement.
Results and Conclusion: Hungary has got much experience in black locust growing, as it has been grown for more than 250 years in the country. It is a fast growing, nitrogen fixing, site tolerant, excellent coppicing species with frequent and abundant seed production and relatively high yielding potential. It has a durable and high quality wood, which is used for many purposes. Being aware of the importance of black locust, forest research in Hungary has been engaged in resolving various problems of black locust management for a long time, and a lot of research results have already been implemented in the practice.

Keywords: black locust (Robinia pseudoacaia L.), clone selection, stand establishment, tending operations and yield, dendromass production, diseases


  1. KERESZESI B 1983 Breeding and cultivation of black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) in Hungary. Forest Ecol Manag 6 (3): 217-244. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(83)80004-8
  2. KERESZTESI B (ed) 1988 The Black Locust. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest
  3. RÉDEI K 1991 Management of Black Locust Stands in Hungary. 10th World Forestry Congress. Voluntary Contributions. Paris, Proceeding 4, p 289-294. DOI:  http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02860087 
  4. RÉDEI K 1986 Waldpflege in den ungrischen Robinienwäldern. Die Holzzucht 40 (1-2): 1-4
  5. RÉDEI K, OSVÁTH-BUJTÁS Z, LEE J 2002 Selection and management of black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) in Hungary for timber and honey production and landscapes. J Kor Forest Soc 91: 156-162
  6. RÉDEI K 2001 The main characteristics of black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) management in Hungary. Third Balcan Scientific Conference. Proceeding, Sofia, p 293-300
  7. RÉDEI K, OSVÁTH-BUJTÁS Z, BALLA I 2001 Vegetative Propagation Methods for Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacai L.) Improvement. Hungarian Agricultural Research 10 (2): 6-9
  8. RÉDEI K, OSVÁTH-BUJTÁS Z, BALLA I 2001 Propagation methods for black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) improvement in Hungary. Journal of Forestry Research 12 (4): 215-219. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02856710
  9. RÉDEI K, OSVÁTH-BUJTÁS Z, BALLA I 2002 Clonal approaches to growing black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) in Hungary: a review. Forestry 75 (5): 548-552. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/forestry/75.5.547
  10. RÉDEI K (ed) 2003 Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) Growing in Hungary. FRI Publication, Budapest
  11. RÉDEI K, OSVÁTH-BUJTÁS Z, VEPERDI I 2006 Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) clonal seed orchards in Hungary. For Stud China 8 (4): 47-50. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11632-006-0036-1
  12. RÉDEI K 2002 Improvement of Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) in Hungary. IUFRO Meeting on the Management of Fast Growing Plantations. Izmit, Turkey, Proceeding, p 166-173
  13. RÉDEI K 1996 Yield study relations of regeneration of Robinia (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) stands. In: Sovsgaard JP, Johannsen VK (eds) Modelling Regeneration Success and Early Growth of Forest Stands. Proceedings form the IUFRO Conference, Hoersholm, p 105-111
  14. RÉDEI K 1992 Management of Black Locust Stands in Hungary. Proceedings: International Conference on Black Locust. East Lansing (MI), p 38-43
  15. RÉDEI K, MEILBY H 2000 Effect of thinning on the diameter increment in black locust stands (Robinia pseudoacacia L.). Silva Gandavensis 65: 115-127
  16. RÉDEI K, OSVÁTH-BUJTÁS Z, VEPERDI I, BAGAMÉRY G, BARNA T 2007 La gestion du robinier en Hongrie. Foret enterprise 177 (5): 44-49
  17. RÉDEI K 1984 Akácosok fatermése. (Yield of Black Locust Stands). FRI Research Report, Budapest
  18. RÉDEI K 2000 The Role of Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) in Establishing Wood Energy Plantation. Hungarian Agricultural Research 9 (4): 4-7
  19. HALUPA L, RÉDEI K 1992 Establishment of forests primarily for energetic purpose. Erdészeti Kutatások 82-83, 267-286
  20. RÉDEI K, VEPERDI I, TOMÉ M, SOARES P 2010 Black Locust (Robinia   pseudoacacia L.) Short - Rotation Energy Crops in Hungary: a Review. Silva Lusitana 18 (2): 217-223


© 2015 by the Croatian Forest Research Institute. This is an Open Access paper distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0).